“It’s no accident that I waited to have my first child until I’d finished graduate school, devoted a decade to my career, and decided with Bill that we were ready to be parents. Nor is it an accident that my three kids were born almost exactly three years apart. My family, my career, and my life as I know it are all a direct result of contraceptives.”
In addition to the impact evaluation, an objective of the MLE project was to study whether the Tupange program activities diffused to other cities and to neighboring rural areas. The Urban Reproductive Health Initiative defined diffusion as, “the spread and adoption of new information, ideas, beliefs, or social norms capable of influencing family planning decisions and behaviors that occur through social interaction and infl uence, either at the interpersonal level or through impersonal channels such as the mass media.”
The Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (NURHI) sought to increase modern contraceptive use via a variety of program elements in six cities. In 2015, the Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Project for the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative conducted a cross-sectional survey in Oyo and Kaduna states in Nigeria to study whether NURHI program elements diffused from implementation cities in these states (the cities of Ibadan and Kaduna, respectively) to other urban or rural areas.
The Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Project is the evaluation component of the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (Urban RH Initiative), a multi-country program in India, Kenya, Nigeria and Senegal that aims to improve the health of the urban poor.
This website was made possible by support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation under terms of the Measurement, Learning & Evaluation Project for the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative. The views expressed on this website do not necessarily reflect the views of the donor.